Anecdotes for UPSC IAS exam 2020 part 2

Leader - Dalai Lama
Individual

  • Power of positivity
  • inner peace
  • embrace and inculcate moral values

Society

  • compassionate society
  • non violence

global

  • conflict resolution though talks
  • arms disarmament
  • address inequalities


Leader - BHAGAT SINGH

  • couldn't be compartmentalized into one box .Gandhians hated him for his violent activities, religious folks hated him for his atheism, communists hated him for him eschewing violence later in life.
  • one should be ready to die so that the country can live


Administrator - Visweswarya

  • Excellence
  • Openness
  • Integirty
  • Public service
  • Awarded Bharat ratna
  • He was critical of the lazy and fatalist attitude of Indian society Served as Diwan of mYsore
  • Served on board of tata steel for 28 years


Reformer - Vivekananda

  • Humanist philosophy
  • Emphasised peace and harmony in society
  • Stress on eudcation
  • According to him, a nation is advanced in proportion as education is spread among the masses.
  •  advocated man making character building education Self assertion of Indian idneitity - Patriotic cultural rejuvenation
  • Social ineuality
  • He immediately understood that the real cause of India’s downfall was the neglect of the masses that had lost faith in their capacity to improve their lot as a result of centuries of oppression.
  • inspiring message that can energise them into lead a life full of activity for their own betterment.
  • interpretation of religion as a universal experience of transcendent Reality, common to all humanity.
  • great contribution of Swami Vivekananda was to build a bridge between
  • Indian culture and Western culture
  • known for chicago’s address
  • orator by divine right
  • yogic temperament
  • knowledge on different subjects
  • Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose wrote: “Swamiji harmonized the East and the
  • West, religion and science, past and present. And that is why he is great. Our
  • countrymen have gained unprecedented self-respect, self-reliance and self-
  • assertion from his teachings.”
  • Last contemporary philosopher
  • Rashtra devo brava


Visionary - Netaji Bose
  • Netaji was unanimously elected Rashtrapati of the 51st session of the Indian National Congress held in Haripura on the banks of the river Tapti in February 1938.
  • His speech after the talk is a masterpiece
  • He talked not only of freedom but also of reconstruction and the need for planning by setting up a Planning Committee.
  • He called for the gradual socialization of the entire agricultural and industrial system.
  • He reminded delegates that “our chief national problems are eradication of
  • poverty, illiteracy and disease”.
  • Also showed leadership, courage
Leadership
  • A successful prime minister have to have fantastic communication skills for with them only can he expect public to follow his ideas and work
  • Character of an institution is reflected in its leade
  • A leader is one who knows the way, goes the way and shows the way
  • a good leader takes a little more than the share of blame and a little less than his share of credit
  • “Leadership is about making others better as a result of your presence and making sure that impact lasts in your absence." - HBS Definition of leadership Great leadership is about to know when to be in front and when to be back
  • providing space to others to prove their leadership
  • If Nehru had been a different kind of man, india would have become a different country - Geoff Tyson (his biographer)
  • Akbar
  • Subash Bose
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri - Shastri was seen by many Indians of exalted ambition as a tiny man, but he had the mind and heart of a giant Ho Chi Minh
  • Lee Kuan Yew
  • TN Seshan - during strike in madras
  • Kurein
  • he would brook no meddling from the political class or bureaucrats sitting in the capital cities, letting it be known upfront He convinced the political class
  • Asked by the Statesman in 1954 how he would like to be remembered, Jawaharlal
  • Nehru replied, “This was a man who with all his mind and heart loved India and the Indian people. And they in turn were indulgent to him and gave him their love most abundantly and extravagantly.”

Dr Kalam
  • space program
  • nuclear program
  • country
  • youth
  • Situtation can make or break leadership
  • Administrative examples of leadership
  • Collector and Commissioner of Chennai in field during floods
  • Absence of Civil administration during Jat violence in Haryana
  • KK Paul - As a delhi police commissioner, he use to travel in buses to send out a message to pick pocketers

Leading by example
  • Set example by actions - punctuality, clear communication, setting expectations right and being flexible, consensus in decision making, convincing someone around your decision rather than dictating - i put them towards use as a secretary of student volunteering organisation.
  • “Be the change that you wish to see in the world.” – Mahatma Gandhi
  • “Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself.” – Leo Tolstoy
  • swachh Bharat
  • FD vs FR
  • Europe’s refugee crisis
  • India’s INDC
  • Giving up subsidy
  • Difference between changing the world and making a difference in the world
  • Saurabh Kumar - IAS - Cashless village - Palnar in Dantewada Naveen Jain - Rajasthan - PCPNDT Act
  • Surender kumar solanki - Training women entrepreneur in solar lamp manufacturing
  • JS Deepak - Spectrum Harmonisation 
Managerial skills
  • Ram had - because he brought together a rainbow coalition defeating Havanan. Ravana on the other hand ignored the advice of his well wishers such as Vibheeshana and tasted defeat
  • Jamvant motivating Hanuman to search for Sita Management theory - Tell, Sell, Delegate,Advice

Reformers
  • Intellectuals of a nation has a keystone role in the social ecosystem.They give ideological justification or direction to the aspirations of the people.In Modern India context who can forget the contribution of RR Roy and many others who was an intellectual-reformer.
  • Reason and morality are the two most powerful weapons in the armoury of a Reformer.
  • Stability without change leads to degeneration while change without stability Iead to chaos
  • Ideological basis of Social reform movement in 19th sanctury
  • Religious universalism

  • Humanism

  • Rationality
If reasons demand it even departure from scriptures is justified” - Ram Mohan Roy
  • Ram mohan roy - happy blend of Indian and western thought
  • A reformer cannot afford to have close intimacy with him whom he seeks to reform.
  • - Gandhi
  • Vivekananda
  • Bezwada Wilson