Important Topics in Psychology for UPSC MAINS Optional Paper 2

Paper II Section A
Psychological
Measurement of Indl Difference 

  • Psychological Tests - Types, Uses & Limitations.
  •  Ethical Issues (Short Note)
  • Examine the methods of reliability & validity of psychological tests.
  • Construction of Psychological tests
  • Nature of Individual Difference (Short Note)
  • Present Status of Psychological Testing in India (Short Note)


2
Well Being & Mental
Disorders 

  • Stress - it consequences & Stess Management
  • Psychopathic Personality
  • Schizophrenia
  • Mental Disorders (Anxiety Disorders, Mood Disorders, Schizphernia
  • Happiness Disposition
  • Concept of Positive Health & Factors affecting it
  • Concept of Mental Health & Factors affectiing it
  • Indian Techniques of Stess Management (Short Note)


3
Therapeutic
Approaches.....

  • Psychodynamic therapy
  • Behaviour Therapy
  • Client Centred Therapy (Humanistic Approach)
  • Congnitive Therapy
  • Indigenous Therapy (Yoga, Meditation, Reiki).
  • Biofeedback (Short Note).
  • Prevention & Rehabilitation of the Mentally ill
  • Concept of Mental Health & Factors affectiing it
  • Caplan's Threefold Model of Prevention (short note)


4
Work Psychology &
Organizational Maslow's Theory & its application to industry
 Behaviour...

  • Maslow's Theory & its application to industry
  •  Behaviour Herzberg theory of work motivation (Short Note)
  • Techniques of personnel selection (Short Note)
  • Participatory Management System.
  • Work Motivation (Definition & Concept).
  • Leadership & its form (Short Note).
  • Indian Industry illustrations for each of the cases above
  • Advertising & Marketing - Role of Psychology in it (Short Note)
  • Equity Theory, Porter & Lawler, Vroom
  • Ergonomics
  • Transformational Leadership
  • Consumer Psychology
  • Power & Politics in Organization
  • Use of Psychological tests in the industry
  • Human Resource Development to achieve personal & organiz.
  • goals.


Application of
Psychology to Education Field..


  • Teaching Learning Process
  • Learning Styles & its Uses in teaching-learning process (Full Length)
  • Retarded Child (Short Note).
  • Training of Gifted Children
  • Learning Disabled & their training


6
Community
Psychology.

  • Community Psychologist & his role esp in social change.
  • Social Change & resistance to change & how to tackle it.
  • Group - its characterisitics, group behaviour, cohesion.
  • Use of Small Groups in Social Action
  • Indian Society: Its resistance to change & remedy for it.



7
Rehabilitation
Psychology

  • Drug Addiction - Causes & remedy
  • Juvenile Delinquency
  • Rehabilitation of Terrorists
  • Rehabilitation of Physically, Mentally & Socially challenged persons
  • Rehabilitation of Old Persons (Full Length)
  • Rehabilitation of HIV/AIDS Victims
  • Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence


Paper II Section B....

8
Application of
psycholgoy to
disadvantaged groups...


  • Concepts of disadvantaged, deprivation and social deprivation.
  • Remedies for the problems mentioned above.
  • Examples from India of each categories (Eg. Tribals etc).
  • Educating & Motivating the disadvantaged towards development
  • Prolonged & relative deprivation (Short Note).



9
Psychological &
problem of social
integration...

  • Concept of social integration & how to achieve it.
  • Prejeudice - its origin, effect & methods to reduce it.
  • Examples in indian context of prejudice & social integration (Very
  • Important)
  • Conflicts (Caste, Class, Religion & Language conflicts) & how to
  • tackle them...


10
Application of
Psychology in IT &
Mass Media

  • Psychological effect of IT
  • Role of Psychologist in IT & Mass Media
  • Role Played by TV in spreading awareness & bringing social
  • change
  • Distance learning through IT & Mass Media & its benefits (Short
  • Note)
  • Multi-level marketing (Short Note)
  • E-commerce (Short Note)


11
Psychology &
Economic
Development...


  • McClelland's achievement motivation theory
  • Entrepreneur - characteristics, entrepreneur syndrome.
  • Women Entrepreneurs (Egs from Indian Context)
  • Missing Portion (Women Entrepreneur & Achievement Motivation)

  • Consumer Rights & Consumer Courts - Psychological Perspective
  • (short note)


12
Application of
psychology to Env. &
related fields


  • Environment Degradation (noise, pollution and crowding)
  • How to motivate people to adopt small family norm.
  • Population Explosion - Causes & Psychological Consequences


13 Other applications of
psychology


  • Role of psychology in the recruitment & training of defence
  • personnel.
  • Human Engineering in Defence (Short Note)
  • Psychological Interventions in improving perrformance of athletes
  • Psychology of Terrorism - How to deal


14 Psychology of Gender

  • Glass Ceiling Effect
  • Issues of Discrimination
  • Women & Indian Society
  • Self Fulfillinig Prophesy
  • Management of Diversity